Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms In Women
A mental disorder that causes a rapid alteration in moods and ability to function is known as bipolar disorder. It was named bipolar because there are two poles, one where dominant factors are depression and stress and another where dominant factors are mania or hypomania.
The person experiences this alteration sometimes or even at the same time period. These alterations comprise extreme and intense emotional states and the distinct period over which it occurs are called mood episodes.
In this situation the symptoms of depression appear such as, being sad, with feelings of uselessness, not wanting to do anything, with extremely negative thoughts, tired, etc and the other side the symptoms of mania appears such as feeling of capable of doing everything that is proposed, what leads to take great risks, has excess energy, euphoria, irritability, hyperactivity etc.
Bipolar disorder is a very serious mental problem and every 1 person out of 15 is affected by this. Comparatively, women are often the victim of this disorder than men. In this article, we will describe the symptoms and causes of bipolar disorder in women and the tips to overcome it, so read the article till the end.
Types Of Bipolar Disorder
According to its intensity, it is categorized into these types.
In this type, the person experiences dramatic mood swings at least one manic phase, which lasts for more than a week. Some people only faces manic phases, however, most will also have depressive episodes.
For instance, the person may feel sad, be all day in bed, not wanting to do anything, and suddenly get up and feel on the top of the world, the happiest person in the world, be social with others, do business, dance, sing, etc. And then suddenly, being in a manic and effusive state and finding himself depressed.
The person experiences at least one major episode of depression or more than one severe depressive episodes but they return to routine functions between these episodes. People affected by this type usually, seek treatment because its symptoms are severe, but in reality, it is less serious than type I.
It is a mild form of the bipolar disorder comprising many mood swings, with hypomania and depressive symptoms which are not as intense as in bipolar disorder. Affected person experiences emotional ups and downs, but with less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II.
Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder In Women
Hormonal changes are more vulnerable in women so they are more prone to this disorder than men, the difference is that in men, mania predominates and in women, depression predominates. Bipolar disorder of type II are most common in women and the symptoms of this condition in women are the following:
- Likely to have suicide attempts.
- May have eating disorders.
- An increase of self-esteem and tendency to speak continuously without stopping, during the manic episode.
- Weight gain (due to inactivity).
- Worst mood alterations during menstruation.
- Experience relapse within 3 to 6 months after delivery.
- During the postpartum period, the person may experience delusions and visual or auditory hallucinations.
Why Is Treatment Necessary?
The consequences can be serious if the person suffering from this disorder does not receive treatment. Severe complications can occur in one or more phases of life. Some of these are usually the following:
- In the periods of euphoria, economic problems can reach large expenses and unnecessary investments. Also, it can cause the excessive use or abuse of substances such as alcohol and drugs.
- They may feel that they are capable of achieving everything so they take many risks without thinking about the possible consequences.
- There can be problems in the relationship due to sudden mood swings. The performance in school and academic works gets poorer.
- During the state of euphoria, these people do their work excellently; however, on a contrary, during depressive episodes, they can even end up leaving school or work.
- There can be great sleeping problems also, the isolation problem can occur because in depressed states there is usually a great feeling of loneliness.
Treatment Of Bipolar Disorder
Given below are the recommendations that a person with this disease can do to ensure that their moods do not end up turning into serious problems. However, it is recommended to be treated by the professionals. The possible treatments are illustrated below.
Mostly, to maintain stable mood and control manic and depressive episodes, taking some drugs are necessary. One of the most frequently used mood stabilizers is Lithium and it can be used to control both manic and depressive periods. Treatment with Lithium requires a dose that is not too low or too high because it can be toxic, therefore, this should be administered by a psychiatrist.
When the correct frequency of usage of the dose is established, the attending psychiatrist can control it. Before using drugs, we get to know the side effects of using that similarly, the treatment with lithium can have unpleasant consequences but they usually disappear with time.
Sodium Valproate and Olanzapine are also recommended by the psychiatrists. In the case of indication that you have rapid and frequent changes in mood, Carbamazepine is also recommended. Sometimes, an antidepressant medication is also used to stable the mood swings. Depending on the improvement, superintended by the psychologists, the combination of different medications is necessary.
Among the psychotherapies, the cognitive-behavioral therapy has shown advantageous supplementing with medication to treat such disorders and is often used by psychiatrists. This therapy consists of total 16 sessions, which are further divided into a period of 6 to 9 months.
One of the main objectives of this therapy is to provide information and knowledge about the bipolar disorder to the affected person and her family members.
It is necessary as it helps the person to identify the situations in which he begins to change his mood, applying techniques to prevent having manic or depressive episodes and help her to get the confidence to face and solve the problems that arise in her daily life due to this disorder.
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