Difference Between Verbs And Adverbs In English
As a non-native or a student of English language the basic we learn in school or coaching classes is that the words are classified into parts according to their type and function.
During the school, we learn them easily but by the time passes we forget that how they work. Verb and adverb are the components of speech and seems similar to each other. They are also one of that lessons that are necessary to learn and by the time we get confused between them.
While working on an English thesis or writing a report you must be familiar with the rules of grammar to do a remarkable work. But if you get confused in these basic parts of speech then probably you will be unable to write a good piece of work.
In this article, we will explain the use and difference between verb and adverb with examples to make it simpler for you to understand.
A verb is a word which describes the action and function of a noun or subject. We can analyze its importance from the fact that we can’t have any sentence without it. It is the most frequently used part of the speech.
- Hanna sings a song. In this the word sings is describing the action and it is a verb.
- Martin dances. Dance is a verb which is defining an action.
Types Of Verb
There are many types of the verb but we will explain a few of them here.
This type of verb has an action verb expressing an activity like sleeping and running etc but there is no direct object to receive it.
- He walks. In this, no object is defined.
This type of verb has an action verb expressing an activity along with the subject and an object.
- He walks to the park. Here we can see the difference that we have the park as an object.
Action verbs are used to describe an activity as demonstrated in the above example.
- We ran for the train. In this example the action verb is “ran”.
Linking verbs are applied to join the subject to a noun or compliment that describes the specific characteristic of a subject.
- Jennifer became a celebrity. Here became is a linking verb which is connecting subject Jennifer to the compliment celebrity.
Auxiliary verbs or helping verbs are applied before an action or linking verbs to emphasize more on the main verb.
- Jenny has gone to the market. Here has is the auxiliary verb emphasizing on the main verb which is gone.
An adverb is a part of speech that is used to alter the meaning of the main action or verb and it explains that how something is done. These are usually used to determine the state of an action and most often, not always, ends at “ly”.
- She always wakes up early. This is describing her good habit.
- He cuts fruits carefully. This is describing the way he cuts.
- She eats slowly. It is describing the way she eats.
- It is terribly cold. It is describing that to what extent it is cold.
We also apply several adverbs, not necessarily ending on “ly”, For different purposes, Theses purposes can be time, frequency or certainty. For example, already, soon, never, often, possibly and definitely.
The Main Difference Between Verb And Adverb
From above examples, we can analyze that the main difference is that verb is applied to depict an action or activity while Adverb is applied to depict the state of that activity that how that action was done.
- I ran to catch the ball. In this the word ran is describing an action.
- I ran fast to catch the ball. Here the word ran as an adverb is determining the state of action.
I hope using these examples it was easier for you to understand the difference and if you liked my post or have any query you can write it down in the comments section.