How To Paint Your Car Yourself At Home?
Painting a car is not a simple task. It involves knowledge about different types of paints and most importantly the skills to paint. So, under normal circumstances you may prefer to get this job done at a recognized paint shop under the supervision of qualified professionals.
But if you are an enthusiastic person and like to do most of the jobs at your own, painting a car can also be done at home. These days, the DIY lovers prefer to do even the most difficult tasks by themselves.
But before you decide to paint your car yourself you must get at least a basic knowledge about different types of paints and various steps required to prepare your car for painting. There may be different scenarios which lead you to decide that your car needs to be repainted.
Either your car paint work has been damaged or it may have scratches on it. Or even you may just want to change the color of your car. There may be a situation where your car has been exposed to harsh weather conditions that might have faded the color. There may be several reasons why you want to repaint your car.
The decision is yours but once you decide that your car needs a repaint, you must follow the correct procedure, if you opt for a DIY repaint of your car.
In this article, we will give you the basic and most important tips on how to paint your car yourself at home.
What Type Of Paint Is Used On Cars?
Paints are of different types. Type of paint to be used for a certain job depends on the nature of surface you want to paint. Basically there are two major types of paints, the emulsion paint and the enamel paint. While emulsion paints are used to paint the cemented walls of your house, the enamel paint is used for the metallic surfaces. So, the cars must be painted with enamel paints.
Experts recommend that acrylic enamel paint is the best option for cars, as this has the ability to last for longer periods. Generally the enamel paint is used on cars in two steps, first for preparing a base and second for a finished top coat. Enamel paints for cars is also available in specially designed cans that fit on the spray guns for an easy home paint job.
Normally, you will prefer to repaint the car in the same original color. All colors have a distinctive code that must be mentioned somewhere on the inner side of your car body or it may also be available in the user manual. Note that code and buy paint accordingly.
However, you may also want to change the color of your car. If that is your choice, you need no codes. Just go to the paint store and buy one of your choice. But remember the paint must be of a reputed brand. Don’t buy inferior quality paint; go for the best.
For painting your car yourself at home, first of all you need to collect the required materials as under;
- Masking tape and paper, preferably masking paper. Some people also use newspaper for this purpose.
- Silicon remover.
- Sandpaper of two grades, 1200 and 200 grit.
- Tack cloth.
- Primer and primer reducer or thinner.
- Paint and spray gun.
Preparing The Car For Painting
- Wash the car to remove all dust, dirt or debris and let it dry in open sunlight.
- Examine the car bodywork and identify scratches, if any. Fill these scratches with a little paint, let it dry and then level it with rest of the body using sandpaper or lower grade.
- Search for minor dents. Repeat the same process with minor dents, as you did with the scratches.
- Remove the parts that do not need painting, such as lights, bumper, number plates or boot lid. Keep these items safely for reinstallation after the paint job is completed.
- Cover those parts which are not to be painted and cannot be removed from the car. These may include windows, glass parts, windscreen and wheels etc. Use masking paper or newspaper to cover these parts, with the help of masking tape. Care is required here so that nothing is left uncovered.
- There may be instants, where mare metal may have been uncovered. Such parts of metal may also catch up rust. Use sandpaper to remove any rust from metal parts from where paint may have peeled off. This may require multiple repetitions till such time the metal is free of rust.
- Apply primer on these uncovered parts of metallic bodywork. You may require multiple coats of primer so that the surface comes in level with the adjacent parts of bodywork. Each time you apply primer, let it dry at its own and then level it with sandpaper. The aim is to get a smooth surface.
- After that examine the entire exterior of your car to ensure that no scratch or uncovered bare metal is there. If you are satisfied, wash the entire body once again and let it dry in open sunshine
- Your car is now ready for a repaint.
Paint Your Car
Now comes the most important part of your task; painting. If you are a beginner, we strongly recommend to get some practice of spraying the paint with a spray gun, before actually working on your car.
For this, you may try to paint a metal sheet or any other such thing. Keep trying and practicing till such time you get a smooth and even surface after painting. Though somewhat tricky but you may succeed with a little practice.
Before starting the painting job, put on gloves and mask for your safety. Start spraying the paint with the spray gun from one side of the bodywork, keeping the movements of your hands steady to get a perfectly even surface after painting.
Spray gun should be in correct position, i.e. perpendicular to the car bodywork. Paint from top to bottom and then move to next part of the bodywork. Make sure to spray the paint evenly without leaving gap in between.
Once the entire body is painted, leave it to dry at its own. After the paint has dried completely, reinstall the removed parts on their respective places. Take care not to damage the paint. Remove all the masking papers and convers from different parts of your car.
Orange Peel Effect
While painting, take care to avoid orange peel effect. An orange peel effect may be the result of premature evaporating of thinner. It may also occur due to faulty setup of spray gun, such as incorrect nozzles and lower air pressure. Application of excessive paint on a particular area or incorrect angle of spraying (other than the perpendicular) may also result in Orange Peel Effect.